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DNA damage and shell malformation in Blue Mussel, Mytilus edulis

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Abstract

Pollutants in waters that cause DNA damage, such as tributyltin, have been known to cause malformations in the mussel shell, which need attention to be studied. Shell malformations or deformities of blue mussels were observed in Norsminde Fjord harbour.  The mean shell thickness index of blue mussels from the polluted site was greater than it from expected clean waters.  DNA damages detected using the versatile comet assay which expressed as tail length and olive tail moment were evaluated in blue mussels gill cells both in situ and in vitro.  The results showed that the average of DNA damages in treatments, namely the polluted site, tributyltin chloride (TBTC) (10 g/l), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) (10 M) were different from the expected unpolluted site.  Although comet assay is considered as an unspecific assay, the results proposed the similarity of DNA damage character of blue mussel gill cells when exposed to tributyltin chloride and taken directly from the polluted site. The data obtained are important for assessing the environmental risks created by genotoxic agents, e.g. tributyltin, used as antifouling agents in marine paints.

Keywords

DNA damage
Comet assay
Blue mussel
Tributyltin
Antofouling agents

Funding Information

The Danish Agency for Development Assistance (DANIDA)

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Yaqin, K., 2022. DNA damage and shell malformation in Blue Mussel, Mytilus edulis. Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil 6(1): 65-74. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.65-74
  • Submitted
    12 March 2022
  • Revised
    11 June 2022
  • Accepted
    Not available
  • Published
    18 May 2022
  • Issue date
    1 May 2022
  • Discipline(s)
    Environmental Science; Marine Sciences; Pollution

Keywords

Khusnul  Yaqin

KhusnulYaqin, Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Jurusan Perikanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Universitas Hasanuddin, Sulawesi Selatan 90245, Indonesia. khusnul@unhas.ac.id, orcid Orcid Profile, scholarGoogle Scholar Profile

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