Full Length Article
Concentration, distribution, and characteristics of microplastic in estuary, coast and marine organisms in Indonesia: A Preliminary Review

Under a Creative Commons license
Open Access

Abstract

There is a rising concern regarding the accumulation of microplastics (MPs) in the aquatic ecosystems. Monitoring effort is crucial to understand the concentration and distribution of MPs. The objective of this paper is to mapping the concentration and characteristics of MPs distributed/deposited in estuary, coast, sediment, and marine organism in Indonesia based on data published from the last five years. In the estuary and coast, the highest MPs concentration were located in Brantas River, East Java, around 133 - 5467 particles/m3.  In sediment, the highly amount of MP’s, 1136 particles/kg, were found in Kawal village, Bintan Island, Riau. In marine organism, horn snail (Telescopium telescopium) from Rambut Island, Jakarta Bay contained the highest amount of MP’s around 764.81 particles/individual . MPs were commonly found in fragments, fibers, and films with size ranging between 1 μm - 5 mm. Those MPs are mostly made of polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS) and polyesters (PES). The data summary obtained in this study could be useful for understanding the sources of MPs as well as monitoring the environmental condition in the aquatic ecosystems.

Keywords

Microplastics concentration
Estuary and coast
Sediment
Marine organisms
Indonesia

Funding Information

Beasiswa Saintek (Saintek Scholarship) from National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN).

Declarations

License and permission

Creative Commons LicenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Publisher's Note

Sangia Publishing remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Ethical approval acknowledgements

No ethical approval required for this article.

Competing interest

No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.

Supplementary files

Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study, and/or contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

References (1)

Alam, F. C., et al. (2019). "Microplastic distribution in surface water and sediment river around slum and industrial area (case study: Ciwalengke River, Majalaya district, Indonesia)." Chemosphere 224: 637-645.

Amin, B., et al. (2020). Microplastics in Gastrointestinal Track of Some Commercial Fishes from Bengkalis Waters, Riau Province Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Andrady, A. L. (2011). "Microplastics in the marine environment." Marine Pollution Bulletin 62(8): 1596-1605.

Andreas, et al. (2021). "Microplastic contamination in the Skipjack Tuna (Euthynnus affinis) collected from Southern Coast of Java, Indonesia." Chemosphere 276.

Anggraini, R. R., et al. (2020). "Plastic litter as pollutant in the aquatic environment: A mini-review." Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan 12(1): 167-180.

Buwono, N. R., et al. (2021). "Distribution of microplastic in relation to water quality parameters in the Brantas River, East Java, Indonesia." Environmental Technology and Innovation 24.

Cordova, M. R. and U. E. Hernawan (2018). Microplastics in Sumba waters, East Nusa Tenggara. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Cordova, M. R., et al. (2019). "Abundance and characteristics of microplastics in the northern coastal waters of Surabaya, Indonesia." Marine Pollution Bulletin 142: 183-188.

Cordova, M. R., et al. (2020). "Microplastics ingestion by blue panchax fish (Aplocheilus sp.) from Ciliwung Estuary, Jakarta, Indonesia." Marine Pollution Bulletin 161.

Falahudin, D., et al. (2020). "The first occurrence, spatial distribution and characteristics of microplastic particles in sediments from Banten Bay, Indonesia." Science of the Total Environment 705.

Firdaus, M., et al. (2020). "Microplastic pollution in the sediment of Jagir Estuary, Surabaya City, Indonesia." Marine Pollution Bulletin 150.

Fitri, S. and M. P. Patria (2019). Microplastic contamination on Cerithidea obtusa (Lamarck 1822) in Pangkal Babu Mangrove Forest Area, Tanjung Jabung Barat District, Jambi. AIP Conference Proceedings.

Germanov, E. S., et al. (2019). "Microplastics on the Menu: Plastics Pollute Indonesian Manta Ray and Whale Shark Feeding Grounds." Frontiers in Marine Science 6.

Guntur, G., et al. (2021). "Ingestion of microplastics by anchovies of the madura strait, indonesia." AACL Bioflux 14(3): 1163-1170.

Hamra, A. J. A. and M. P. Patria (2019). Microplastic in Gonggong snails (Laevistrombus turturella) and sediment of Bintan Island, Kepulauan Riau Province, Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings, AIP Publishing LLC.

Hastuti, A. R., et al. (2019). "The presence of microplastics in the digestive tract of commercial fishes off pantai Indah Kapuk coast, Jakarta, Indonesia." Biodiversitas 20(5): 1233-1242.

Kama, N. A., et al. (2021). Microplastic concentration in column seawater compartment in Burau, Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Khoironi, A., et al. (2020). "Evaluation of polypropylene plastic degradation and microplastic identification in sediments at Tambak Lorok coastal area, Semarang, Indonesia." Marine Pollution Bulletin 151.

Koehler, A., et al. (2015). SOURCES, FATE AND EFFECTS OF MICROPLASTICS IN THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT: A GLOBAL ASSESSMENT.

Lestari, P., et al. (2020). "Distribution of microplastics in Surabaya River, Indonesia." Science of the Total Environment 726.

Lubis, I. E. N., et al. (2019). Plastic debris contamination in Grey-eel catfish (Plotosus canius) in Tanjungpinang water, Riau Islands-Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings.

Marei, I. C. A., et al. (2021). Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in the beach sediment of Anday Beach, West Papua (Indonesia). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Ningrum, E. W. and M. P. Patria (2019). Ingestion of microplastics by anchovies from east Lombok Harbour, Lombok Island, Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings, AIP Publishing LLC.

Ningrum, E. W. and M. P. Patria (2019). Microplastics and mercury detection on anchovy from alor and balikpapan harbors, Indonesia. IEEE Region 10 Humanitarian Technology Conference, R10-HTC.

Ningrum, E. W., et al. (2019). Ingestion of microplastics by anchovies from Talisayan harbor, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Patria, M. P., et al. (2020). "Microplastic ingestion by periwinkle snail littoraria scabra and mangrove crab metopograpsus quadridentata in Pramuka Island, Jakarta Bay, Indonesia." Sains Malaysiana 49(9): 2151-2158.

Priscilla, V., et al. (2019). Microplastic abundance in the water, seagrass, and sea hare Dolabella auricularia in Pramuka Island, Seribu Islands, Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Putri, F. T. and M. P. Patria (2021). Microplastic in mangrove horn snail Telescopium telescopium (Linnaeus, 1758) at mangrove ecosystem, Rambut Island, Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Ryan, P. G., et al. (2009). "Monitoring the abundance of plastic debris in the marine environment." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 364(1526): 1999-2012.

Sawalman, R., et al. (2021). Spatial and temporal distribution of microplastics in the surface waters of Barranglompo Island, Makassar. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Sawalman, R., et al. (2021). Microplastic abundance in sea urchins (Diadema setosum) from seagrass beds of Barranglompo Island, Makassar, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Sembiring, E., et al. (2020). "The Presence of Microplastics in Water, Sediment, and Milkfish (Chanos chanos) at the Downstream Area of Citarum River, Indonesia." Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 231(7).

Suteja, Y., et al. (2021). "Spatial and temporal distribution of microplastic in surface water of tropical estuary: Case study in Benoa Bay, Bali, Indonesia." Marine Pollution Bulletin 163.

Syakti, A. D., et al. (2017). "Beach macro-litter monitoring and floating microplastic in a coastal area of Indonesia." Marine Pollution Bulletin 122(1-2): 217-225.

Syakti, A. D., et al. (2018). "Simultaneous grading of microplastic size sampling in the Small Islands of Bintan water, Indonesia." Marine Pollution Bulletin 137: 593-600.

Tahir, A., et al. (2019). Studies on microplastic contamination in seagrass beds at Spermonde Archipelago of Makassar Strait, Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Ukhrowi, H. R., et al. (2021). Microplastic abundance in blood cockle Anadara granosa (linnaeus, 1758) at Lada Bay, Pandeglang, Banten. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Wicaksono, E. A., et al. (2021). "Distribution and seasonal variation of microplastics in tallo river, makassar, eastern indonesia." Toxics 9(6).

Wicaksono, E. A., et al. (2021). "Microplastic occurrence in venus clam marcia hiantina (Veneridae) in tallo estuary, makassar, indonesia." AACL Bioflux 14(3): 1651-1657.

Widigdo, B., et al. (2021). Spatial distribution of microplastic in sediment of the Citanduy River, West Java, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Yang, L., et al. (2021). "Microplastics in freshwater sediment: A review on methods, occurrence, and sources." Science of the Total Environment 754.

Yona, D., et al. (2019). "Microplastics in the surface sediments from the eastern waters of Java Sea, Indonesia [version 1; referees: 2 approved]." F1000Research 8.

Yoswaty, D., et al. (2021). "The Threat Of Microplastic Waste In Dumai Waters, Province Of Riau, Indonesia." Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences 16(2): 383-390.

Bibliographic Information

Verify authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article as:

Sari, N.R., Pangesty, A.I., Chalid, M., & Zuas, O., 2022. Concentration, distribution, and characteristics of microplastic in estuary, coast and marine organisms in Indonesia: A Preliminary Review. Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil 6(1): 57-64. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.57-64
  • Submitted
    16 April 2022
  • Revised
    11 June 2022
  • Accepted
    Not available
  • Published
    18 May 2022
  • Issue date
    1 May 2022
  • Discipline(s)
    Environmental Science; Marine Sciences, Polimer

Keywords

Nurhana  Rafika Sari

NurhanaRafikaSari, Department of Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI, Kukusan, Kecamatan Beji, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16425, Indonesia. nurhana.rafika.sari@gmail.com

Azizah  Intan Pangesty

AzizahIntanPangesty, Department of Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI, Kukusan, Kecamatan Beji, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16425, Indonesia. azizah@gmail.com

Mochamad  Chalid

MochamadChalid, Department of Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI, Kukusan, Kecamatan Beji, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16425, Indonesia. chalid@metal.ui.ac.id

Oman  Zuas

OmanZuas, Research Centre for Testing Technology and Standard (PRTPS), Research Organisation for Energy and Manufacture (OREM), National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Kawasan PUSPIPTEK, Serpong Tangerang Selatan, Banten, 15314, Indonesia. zuas@gmail.com

View full text

Disclaimer: All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.